# HTML5 History Mode

The default mode for vue-router is hash mode - it uses the URL hash to simulate a full URL so that the page won't be reloaded when the URL changes.

To get rid of the hash, we can use the router's history mode, which leverages the history.pushState API to achieve URL navigation without a page reload:

const router = new VueRouter({
  mode: 'history',
  routes: [...]

When using history mode, the URL will look "normal," e.g. http://oursite.com/user/id. Beautiful!

Here comes a problem, though: Since our app is a single page client side app, without a proper server configuration, the users will get a 404 error if they access http://oursite.com/user/id directly in their browser. Now that's ugly.

Not to worry: To fix the issue, all you need to do is add a simple catch-all fallback route to your server. If the URL doesn't match any static assets, it should serve the same index.html page that your app lives in. Beautiful, again!

# Example Server Configurations

Note: The following examples assume you are serving your app from the root folder. If you deploy to a subfolder, you should use the publicPath option of Vue CLI (opens new window) and the related base property of the router (opens new window). You also need to adjust the examples below to use the subfolder instead of the root folder (e.g. replacing RewriteBase / with RewriteBase /name-of-your-subfolder/).

# Apache

<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
  Options -MultiViews
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
  RewriteEngine On
  RewriteBase /
  RewriteRule ^index\.html$ - [L]
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
  RewriteRule . /index.html [L]

Instead of mod_rewrite, you could also use FallbackResource (opens new window).

# nginx

location / {
  try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;

# Native Node.js

const http = require('http')
const fs = require('fs')
const httpPort = 80

http.createServer((req, res) => {
  fs.readFile('index.html', 'utf-8', (err, content) => {
    if (err) {
      console.log('We cannot open "index.html" file.')

    res.writeHead(200, {
      'Content-Type': 'text/html; charset=utf-8'

}).listen(httpPort, () => {
  console.log('Server listening on: http://localhost:%s', httpPort)

# Express with Node.js

For Node.js/Express, consider using connect-history-api-fallback middleware (opens new window).

# Internet Information Services (IIS)

  1. Install IIS UrlRewrite (opens new window)
  2. Create a web.config file in the root directory of your site with the following:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
        <rule name="Handle History Mode and custom 404/500" stopProcessing="true">
          <match url="(.*)" />
          <conditions logicalGrouping="MatchAll">
            <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsFile" negate="true" />
            <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsDirectory" negate="true" />
          <action type="Rewrite" url="/" />

# Caddy v2

try_files {path} /

# Caddy v1

rewrite {
    regexp .*
    to {path} /

# Firebase hosting

Add this to your firebase.json:

  "hosting": {
    "public": "dist",
    "rewrites": [
        "source": "**",
        "destination": "/index.html"

# Caveat

There is a caveat to this: Your server will no longer report 404 errors as all not-found paths now serve up your index.html file. To get around the issue, you should implement a catch-all route within your Vue app to show a 404 page:

const router = new VueRouter({
  mode: 'history',
  routes: [
      path: '/:catchAll(.*)', 
      component: NotFoundComponent,
      name: 'NotFound'

Alternatively, if you are using a Node.js server, you can implement the fallback by using the router on the server side to match the incoming URL and respond with 404 if no route is matched. Check out the Vue server side rendering documentation (opens new window) for more information.